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THE ASSI-KHA3OA.                                              277
In the larger GwaHar temple the naye and the choir remain, but the sanctum,
as is usually the case? has been totally destroyed by the Muhamraadans.
That it ones existed, however, is evident from the fact that the choir is seen
from the interior to have communicated with an apartment beyond^ thongli
the opening is now closed with blocks of stone. In the smaller of the two tem-
ples the nave alone is perfect: the choir has utterly perished ; but the end wall
of the sanctum still exists in situ, built up into the ramparts of the fort. Gene-
ral Cunningham^ in describing these buildings^ has followed Mr. Fergnsson in
usingj instead of £ nave/ the misleading word * porch/ and has thus failed to
notice the triple arrangement which otherwise could not have escaped Mm."**
To return to the Chhatthi Falna. On a drum of on® of the pillars is an
inscription—now npside down—which 1 read as Earn ddsa kas ehi&vi kam^
meaning, it would seem, £ Column Ho. 913 the gift of Bam Das.' This "would
rather lead to the snpposition that the pillars were all originally of one set and
belonged to a single building, though it is qnit^ possible that they may "be the
wreck of several different temples? all of which were overthrown by JIahmud of
Ghazni, when he captured the fort in 1017. In either case there can be no
question as to the BuddMst character of the building^ or buildlngSj for I found
let into the wall a small seated figure of Buddha, as also a cross-bar and a
large upright of a Buddhist railing. The latter is ornamented with foliated
circular disks? on one of which is represented a head with a most enormous
chignon, and*—what is unusual—has four oval sockets for cross-bars on either
side instead of three. These columns and other fragments had probably
been lying about for centuries till the SluhammadaiiSj in the reign of
Aurangzeb, after demolishing a modem Hindu temple, roughly put them
togeisher and set them up on its site as a makeshift for a mosque. When
Father Tieffentiballer visited Maha-ban about the middle of last century,
it seems that Hindus and Muhammad&ns were both, in joint possession of the
building,, for he writes : " On voit a Maha-ban. dans nne grande maison portee
par 80 coloanes, nne peinture qui represente Krishna Toknt dii kit en jeitant
le elair et joaant avec d?antres. Get edifice a ete convert! en partie en uno
mosquee, en partie en nne pagode." But the connection of the building with
* X weald to« notice, aa I may aotlmTe a better op^orttiaity and it is a fact oi interest, that
the ifaitd of Ac Gwallar temples, commonly called the Tdi k& *o*<tir, tijont wbiA GcBtraU
Cwaiwaigfcain h«§ilaS«i to «pre^s an opinion, is certainly & Jain building. TM& is aiwwn by the
enocmooi httgfat of the doorway, a feature peculiarly mb»te»alctl, aad by the two upper
ftoriei of the towier—as in the JSwMfa Gaja tenple—wMdi no Bcabrata
of allowiaff OTW the bead <sl the sol